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Microsoft Windows XP Command Reference

ASSOC - Displays or modifies file extension associations.

AT - Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.

ATTRIB - Displays or changes file attributes.

BREAK - Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.

CACLS - Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.

CALL - Calls one batch program from another.

CD - Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

CHCP - Displays or sets the active code page number.

CHDIR - Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

CHKDSK - Checks a disk and displays a status report.

CHKNTFS - Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.

CLS - Clears the screen.

CMD - Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.

COLOR - Sets the default console foreground and background colors.

COMP - Compares the contents of two files or sets of files.

COMPACT - Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.

CONVERT - Converts FAT volumes to NTFS. You cannot convert the current drive.

COPY - Copies one or more files to another location.

DATE - Displays or sets the date.

DEL - Deletes one or more files.

DIR - Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.

DISKCOMP - Compares the contents of two floppy disks.

DISKCOPY - Copies the contents of one floppy disk to another.

DOSKEY - Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.

ECHO - Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.

ENDLOCAL - Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.

ERASE - Deletes one or more files.

EXIT - Quits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).

FC - Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences between them.

FIND - Searches for a text string in a file or files.

FINDSTR - Searches for strings in files.

FOR - Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.

FORMAT - Formats a disk for use with Windows.

FTYPE - Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.

GOTO - Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a batch program.

GRAFTABL - Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.

HELP - Provides Help information for Windows commands.

IF - Performs conditional processing in batch programs.

LABEL - Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.

MD - Creates a directory.

MKDIR - Creates a directory.

MODE - Configures a system device.

MORE - Displays output one screen at a time.

MOVE - Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory.

PATH - Displays or sets a search path for executable files.

PAUSE - Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.

POPD - Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.

PRINT - Prints a text file.

PROMPT - Changes the Windows command prompt.

PUSHD - Saves the current directory then changes it.

RD - Removes a directory.

RECOVER - Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.

REM - Records comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.

REN - Renames a file or files.

RENAME - Renames a file or files.

REPLACE - Replaces files.

RMDIR - Removes a directory.

SET - Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.

SETLOCAL - Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.

SHIFT - Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.

SORT - Sorts input.

START - Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command.

SUBST - Associates a path with a drive letter.

TIME - Displays or sets the system time.

TITLE - Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.

TREE - Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.

TYPE - Displays the contents of a text file.

VER - Displays the Windows version.

VERIFY - Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.

VOL - Displays a disk volume label and serial number.

XCOPY - Copies files and directory trees.

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